Naxalbari is a beautiful village, as well as a community development block, which comes under the Siliguri subdivision, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
About The Naxalbari City
An Introduction to Naxalbari
Naxalbari is a beautiful village, as well as a community development block, which comes under the Siliguri subdivision, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. Naxalbari is also spelled as Naksalbari. It is situated in the northern part of the state West Bengal. Naxalbari is very famous for a popular site of a 1967 revolt that was known as it eventually lead to the Naxalite – The Maoist insurgency.
Naxalbari has become famous for a very popular reason which was the site of a left-wing poor peasants uprising in 1967. And this site began with the slogan “Land to Tiller” and it was the starting of the uprising the Naxalbari which continues till this date.
What is the History of Naxalbari?
The very popular Naxalbari Uprising was started on the 25th of May 1967 in the Village of Naxalbari, West Bengal, India called Bengai Jote. On that day a group of Farmers in Naxalbari were demanding their right on the land from the landlords. Some reporters explain this as the farmers or peasants were forcibly tried to seize land from the landlords who controlled it.
But, the story was actually different, actually, there was a farmer called Bigul. He was working in land for a very long time, which was owned by a landlord called Ishwar Tirki. But the farmer had truly entitled to the land. When the farmer demanded an increment the landlord refused and took him out from the land.
Now the farmers went to the two left-wing activists whose name was Kanu Sanyal (1929-2010) and Jangal Santhal who were supported by communist ideologue whose name was Charu Majumdar (1918-1972). They use to hate the landlords who were ruling over the poor farmers. This incident results in a very violent confrontation between the farmers and police where the police were supporting to the landlords.
During this revolt, police had done open fire on a group of villagers who were demanding their rights. In this firing total 9 adults and 2 unknown children were killed.
This revolt gave birth to the very popular movement of the world between the peasants and the government. It has attracted the attention of the whole world. An English journalist gave this movement a name “Naxalite” and this name has still stuck. This name is even accepted by the peoples who support this movement.
The CPI (ML) has brutally burst of Lenin, Stalin, Mao, and Charu Majumdar on that piece of land. There is a school in that village called Bengai Jote Primary School which is exactly situated next to that place. In that place, Government has made the statue of those peoples who died during that movement. Their names are 1. Dhaneswari Devi (F), 2. Simaswari Mullick (F), 3. Nayaneswari Mullick (F), 4. Surubala Burman (F), 5. Sonamati Singh (F), 6. Fulmati Devi (F), 7. Samsari Saibani (F), 8. Gaudrau Saibani (M), 9. Kharsingh Mullick (M) and “two children”.
What is the Geographical Location of Naxalbari?
The Naxalbari is generally located at 26.68315 degrees North & 88.19961 degrees east. This is not exactly correct all the time; this measurement has been taken as an average elevation of 152 meters. Which can be written as 501 feet from the sea level.
The stretching of the land of Naxalbari is situated in the Terai region at the base of Darjeeling Himalayas. On the west side of Naxalbari, there is a river called Mechi which runs across the border of Nepal. Just connected to Nepal there is a place called Panitanki which is also called Nepal Border. There is very few distances between Nepal and Panitanki approx. 1km. And panitanki is 3km away from the Naxalbari. The whole land of Naxalbari is stretched by the land of farmers which is covered by farmlands. It also has Tea estates, Forests, and small villages. People also grow crops like Paddy, Wheat, Pulses, Vegetables, Pineapples and many more.
The Naxalbari block has a total of six-gram Panchayats or village councils. The controller’s almost 101 villages. Their names are Naxalbari Gram Panchayat, Hatighisa Gram Panchayats, Mani ram Gram Panchayat, Upper Bagdogra Gram Panchayats, Lowe Bagdogra Gram Panchayats, and Gossainpur Gram Panchayat. The total population of Naxalbari was 144915 in the year 2011.
Administration of Naxalbari
There is a different administrator body that controls the NaxalbariCity. The six gram panchayats are managing the villages of Naxalbari. Naxalbari is a community development block, and the Block office is at the perfect place of Naxalbari. It is well connected by the Villages so that anyone can come easily to the block office for official works.
Naxalbari has a Police Station just nearby the Naxalbari Rural hospital. Naxalbari police are always concerned about the city. They always look after the city and remain updated. Many times Naxalbari Police come for social work, in the difficulties.
Naxalbari comes under the Siliguri subdivision. The sub-divisional office is situated in Siliguri which is connected with Naxalbari by the road. Buses, trains, auto are always available to go Siliguri from Naxalbari.
Naxalbari comes under the Darjeeling district which is managed by the district magistrate.
Checkout Administrator of Naxalbari
The pradhan of All Gram Panchayats are given below :
Pradhan of Naxalbari Gram Panchayat: RADHA GOVINDA GHOSH
Pradhan of Hatighisa Gram Panchayat: SRI JYOSTHOMOHAN ROY
Pradhan of Maniram Gram Panchayat: LACHMI LAMA
Pradhan of Upper Bagdogra Gram Panchayat: KANCHAN KUSHWAHA
Pradhan of Lower Bagdogra Gram Panchayat: BIBHA BISWAKARMA
Pradhan of Gossainpur Gram Panchayat: ANIMA SINHA
What is the Language, Population & Constituency of Naxalbari?
The major language of Naxalbari is Bengali. The majority of people talk Bengali here. Other languages are also spoken by many peoples, which are Nepali, Hindi, and Rajbanshi. The total population of Naxalbari was 144915 in the year of 2011. The Lok Sabha Constituency of Naxalbari in Darjeeling and the Rajya Sabha Constituency of Naxalbari is Matigara. The total number of households in Naxalbari is 35,752 where 15,291 houses are the Urban houses and 20,461 houses are the Rural houses. Many poor families also called BPL families are given House by the Central Government under the Indra Awaas Yojna.
What are the Transport Services in Naxalbari?
Almost all the transport services are available in the Naxalbari. There is a bus stand-in Naxalbari popularly known as Naxalbari Bus Stand .
All the buses run through the Naxalbari bus stand are going to Siliguri from Kharibari. Some buses are also going to Debiganj and Galgaliya via the Naxalbari Bus stand. All the buses who passed from the Naxalbari bus stand they traveled via Kharibari, Debiganj, Galgaliya, Adhikari, Batashi, Panitanki, Naxalbari Bajar, Satbhaiya, Hatighisa, Atal, Chanmuni, Kistopur, Upper Bagdogra, Lower Bagdogra, Shibh Mandir, Medical More, Matigara, Uttarayon, Darjeeling More, Siliguri Junction, And the last Stoppage is Siliguri Court More.
These are the stoppage if you travel on a bus from Naxalbari. Besides this, the local Magic Vans are also available for short Distances.
Naxalbari has a small railway station named Naxalbari Railway Station (NAK) that comes under the North Frontier Railways.
It has one platform with three railways tracks. There is a total of eight trains which run via these stations. The local railway stations are Bagdogra Railways Station, Batashi Railways Station, Galgaliya Railway Station, Matigara Railway Station & Siliguri Junction.
Read the Article on Naxalbari Railway Station for More Details.
Education in Naxalbari
Naxalbari majorly has two popular government schools, which are Nanda Prasad Boys High School & another is Nanda Prasad Girls High School. Apart from these two schools, Naxalbari has many Private and Public Schools. Many Private institutes, Computer Centers, and Coaching classes are also available in Naxalbari.
Viewing these all, we can say that Naxalbari City is not less than any other city in Education. There are many achievements made by the students of Naxalbari.
Some Popularly known Schools and College of Naxalbari are :
- Nand Prasad High School
- Nand Prasad Girls High School
- Naxalbari Nepali High School
- Naxalbari College
- Shreema Shishu Udyan School
- Sabuj Sathi Nursery School
- Sarada Vidya Mandir
- Sister Margaret English Public School
- Raja Rammohan Navodaya Vidyalaya
- Seventh Day Advanced English School
If you want to know about the Education in Naxalbari, Read our article here.
This is not an official website but it has every possible details about NaxalbariCity and surrounding Places. Every details are taken from Government websites.